Manual handling

Farming is a very physical occupation and workers can injure themselves by lifting heavy loads such as chemicals, fertiliser, hay bales, calves, buckets, equipment, and also while handling animals. Most agricultural manual handling injuries involve the back and weight-bearing joints.

Injuries can happen so easily when you are lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying, lowering, holding heavy items or when you are restraining animals, handling stock, or moving equipment or hay.

Manual handling injuries occur through:

  • Increased wear and tear or damage from intense or strenuous manual activity
  • Gradual wear and tear from ongoing manual activity
  • Heavy or awkward lifts (lifting heavy machinery or sheep onto a ute)
  • Sudden, unexpected movement (stumbling, tripping or falling when carrying a heavy object).

How to minimise risk of injury Strain injuries can keep farm workers away from work for weeks at a time, but the risk of injury can be minimised by good lifting techniques and safe working habits.

  • Be mindful of your back and joints when handling stock and when lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying, lowering and holding heavy items like equipment and hay
  • Use mechanical lifting aids or get help to lift and carry heavy loads whenever possible. Whenever possible, use wheelbarrows or trolleys to transport heavy loads. Try to repack heavy loads to a collection of smaller, lighter loads
  • When lifting appropriate loads, it is important to maintain good posture and ensure appropriate lifting techniques to reduce the risks of injury
  • Do not forget to warm up cold muscles and stretch before lifting

For more tips, see: Farm safety-manual handling

Find out more about this topic on  Better Health Channel

References used for this topic page

More information:

Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety
Farming with back pain [PDF 360kb]

Department of Commerce (WA)
Agricultural workbook – Chapter 8: Manual handling (PDF)

WorkSafe Victoria
Hazardous manual handling

Clinical care:

National Health and Medical Research Council

Evidence-based management of acute musculoskeletal pain: a guide for clinicians

Research & reviews:

Annals of Agricultural Environmental Health
Low back pain among male farmers [PDF 46kb]

Medical Journal of Australia
Management of chronic low back pain

Fast facts:

Manual handling

  • Manual handling accidents and injuries are often caused by lifting heavy objects, including animals incorrectly.
  • Always keep the load close to your body, bend your knees (instead of your back) and lift with your thigh muscles. Never lift with your back.
  • Organise your work area to reduce the amount of bending, twisting and stretching required.
  • Plan ahead. Consider the safest possible ways of lifting, carrying, holding, lowering, pushing, and pulling.

Page updated: 4th May, 2020